Spatial Visualisation of Correlations Between Key Innovation Factors: Standardisation Activities, Intellectual Property Activities and R&D Activities in the Japanese Electric Machinery

DOI
10.15415/jtmge.2013.42005

AUTHORS

Suguru Tamura

ABSTRACT

This paper examines the spatial visualisation of the relationships amongst three factors viz., standardisation related activities, intellectual property related activities and R&D activities. The inverse of the correlation coefficients between each pair among the three factors is used to measure the distances graphically. This is expressed by a ‘triangle-shaped model.’ For the electric machinery industry in Japan, these three factors form more compact triangles when, compared with all industries in Japan. The difference in the shape of the triangles reflects the closeness among the three factors, especially in terms of standardisation in these industries. This methodology is expected to be useful for establishing robust and comprehensive technology management systems for corporate R&D activities. Such technology management systems can allow for the protection of proprietary R&D information and promote information gathering during standardisation activities.

KEYWORDS

Triangle shaped model, standardisation, R&D, distance.

REFERENCES

  • Acs, Z. J. and Audresch, D. B. (1989) ‘Patents as a Measure of Innovative Activity’, Kyklos, 42: 2, pp. 171–180.
  • Baba, Y. and Nobeoka, K.(1998) ‘Towards Knowledge-based Product Development: The 3-D CAD Model of Knowledge Creation’, Research Policy, 26:6, pp. 643–659.
  • Blind, K. (2006) ‘Explanatory factors for participation in formal standardization process: Empirical evidence at firm level’, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 15:2, pp.157-170
  • Gay, G. and Dousset, B.(2005) ‘Innovation and Network Structural Dynamics: Study of the Alliance Network of a Major Sector of the Biotechnology Industry’, Research Policy, 34:10, pp. 1457–1475.
  • Jaffe, A.B. (1986) ’Technological Opportunity and Spillover of R&D: Evidence from Firms’ Patents, Profits and Market Value’, American Economic Review, 76:5, pp. 984–999.
  • Lohse, J., Rueter, H., Biolsi, K. and Walker, N. (1990) ‘Classifying Visual Knowledge Representations: A Foundation for Visualization Research’, Proceedings of the 1s tConference on Visualization ’90 (VIS ’90), IEEE Xplore database.
  • Ma, K. (2007) ‘Creating a Collaborative Space to Share Data, Visualization, and Knowledge’, SIGGRAH Computer Graphics, 41: 4
  • Roijakkers, N. and Hagedoorn, J. (2006) ‘Inter-firm R&D Partnering in Pharmaceutical Biotechnology Since 1975: Trends, Patterns, and Networks’, Research Policy, 35:3, pp. 431–446.
  • Stango, V. (2004), ‘The Economics of Standards Wars’, Review of Network Economics, 3:1, pp.1–19.
  • Tamura, S. (2012a) ‘Effects of Integrating Patents and Standards on Intellectual Property Management and Corporate Innovativeness in Japanese Electric Machinery Corporations’, International Journal of Technology Management, 59: 3/4, pp.180-202.
  • Tamura, S. and Matsuda, H. (2008) ‘Policy Action for Strategic International Standardization’ [Kokusai hyoujunSenryakunikakawaruseisakutekitorikumi], Journal of the Japanese Society of Precision Engineering, 74:1, pp. 12-15 (in Japanese).

RNI Registration No. CHAENG/2016/68678