Innovation through Emergence of Technology Communities: Some Management Lessons

DOI
10.15415/jtmge.2012.32008

AUTHORS

Vinnie Jauhari

ABSTRACT

Networks play a key role in developing next generation innovations. Technology led innovations are led by technology developers and communities. There is an evidence of success of innovations in technology development through networking with technology communities. Some of these are formal networks and some of these are informal networks. This paper explores at some of the successful developments in the technology domains such as development of Android applications and I-phone applications. Each of these interventions involved collaborations between academic communities, corporate firms as well as independent technical professionals. The success of Apple and Android communities opens up many new research questions as both the organizations have followed a very different approach in developing new technologies. Android which is developed by Google has followed a different approach as compared to development of Apple applications. The paper would throw insights into these approaches. Some of the technology communities had a more open approach and some of the communities have a more closed approach. This paper documents the differences in approaches of development of these communities. The paper is a qualitative study which provides an insight into the differences in approach of development of select technology communities. The paper also draws leadership lessons and factors which contribute to the success of such initiatives. The paper assesses the challenges that these firms faced in developing such communities.

KEYWORDS

Android, Apple, Closed innovation, Google, IOS, Open innovation, Technology communities.

REFERENCES

  • Android (2012) About the Andorid Open Source Project Downloaded from http://source.android.com/ about/index.html on June 9, 2012.
  • Apple (2012) Apple’s App Store Downloads Top 25 Billion, March 5th, Downloaded from www.Apple.com/in/hotnews on June 10, 2012.
  • Apple (2012) Apple World’s Most Admired Company, March 1. Downloaded from www.Apple.com/in/hotnews on June 9, 2012.
  • Chesbrough, Henry and Appleyard, M.M. (2007) Open Innovation and Strategy, California Management Review, 50(1).
  • Datamonitor (2011) Apple Inc. Company Profile, Oct.7, 2011 Downloaded from www.datamonitor. com.
  • Enkel, E. (2010) Attributes Required for Profiting from Open Innovation In Networks, International Journal of Technology Management (in press).
  • Enkel, E., Gassmann, O. and Chesbrough, H. (2009) Open R&D and Open Innovation: Exploring the Phenomenon, R&D Management, Vol. 39(4), 311-316.
  • Economic Times, (2012) Apple Crushes St Targets, Dispels iPhone Fears, Economic Times, April 26, p. 20.
  • Euromonitor International (2010) Smartphones: Not Just iPhones but a Boomrang Movement, March 10.
  • Fichter, K. (2009) Innovation Communities: The Role of Networks of Promotors in Open Innovation, R&D Management, 39:4, 357-371.
  • Oliver Gassmann, O., Enkel, E. and Chesbrough, H. (2010) The Future of Open Innovation, R&D Management, 40:3, 213-221.
  • Gawer, A. and Cusumano, M.A. (2008) How Companies Become Platform Leaders, MIT Sloan Management Review, 49:2, 28-35.
  • Gold, S. (2012) Android A Secure Future at Last? Engineering and Technology, March, 50-54.
  • Grotnes, E. (2009) Standardization as Open Innovation: Two Cases from Mobile Industry, Information Technology and People, 22:4, 367-381.
  • Hindustan Times (2011) Is Android the New Windows, HT Business, Hindustan Times, August 20,25-26.
  • Jauhari, Vinnie and Michel Benard (2010) University Industry Collaboration: An Open Innovation Approach at Hewlett-Packard, Journal of Technology Management for Growing Economies, 1:1, 23-33.
  • Van de Vrande, V., De Jong, J., Vanhaverbeke, W. and De Rochemount, M. (2009)
  • Open Innovation in SMEs: Trends, Motives and Management Challenges, Science Direct, Technovation, 29:6/7, 423-437.
  • Vogelstein, Fred, (2008) The Untold Story: How the iPhone Blew Up the Wireless Industry, Wired.com Downloaded from http://www.wired.com/gadgets/wireless/magazine/ 16-02/ff_iphone?current Page=all Downloaded on June 10, 2012 at 11.38 hrs.
  • Wikhamn, B.R., Ljungberg, J., Bergquist, M. and Kuschel, J. (2011) Open Innovation, Generativity and the Supplier as a Peer: The case of IPhone and Android’, International Journal of Innovation Management, 15(1), February, 205-230.
  • Zittrain, J. (2006) The Generative Internet, Harvard Law Review, 119, 1975. Innovation through Emergence
  • Zittrain, J. (2008) The Future of Internet and How to Stop It, Yale University Press, New Haven CT.

RNI Registration No. CHAENG/2016/68678