Simulating and Analysing the Impact of Routing Protocols on Different Parameters of WSNs



Anish Soni and Rajneesh Randhawa 


Energy efficiency of Wireless Sensor Networks has become an essential requirement and is the main issue for researchers. Various routing, data dissemination and energy efficient protocols have been designed for Wireless Sensor Networks where energy issue has been given more stress. Sensors in wireless sensor networks work on battery and have limited energy. Hence, network has limited lifetime. Routing protocol plays a major role in deciding for how much time a network will survive. All routing algorithms tend to increase the lifetime of WSN while maintaining factors like successful and real-time delivery of a message. This paper aims towards studying different categories of  routing protocols and finally four hierarchical routing protocols LEACH, EHRP, SEP and FAIR have been simulated. The performance of each routing protocol has been measured on some performance metrics like network lifetime, packets transferred to BS, number of dead nodes etc and finally concluded that how a routing protocol can impact the network lifetime. 


Hierarchical Routing Protocols, Wireless Sensor Networks, LEACH, EHRP, SEP, FAIR, Energy-efficiency, Network Lifetime.


  • I.F. Akyildiz et al. (2002) “Wireless Sensor Networks: A survey”, Computer Networks, Vol. 38, No. 4, pp. 393–422.
  • Raghunathan V., Schurghers C., Park S. and Srivastava M. (2002) “Energy-aware Wireless Microsensor Networks”, IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, pp. 40-50.
  • Jamal N. Al-Karaki, Ahmed E. Kamal (2004) “Routing Techniques in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey”, IEEE Wireless Communications.
  • Shio Kumar Singh, M P Singh, D K Singh (2010) “Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks – A Survey”, International Journal of Computer Science & Engineering Survey (IJCSES) Vol.1, No.2.
  • W. Heinzelman, A. Chandrakasan, H. Balakrishnan (2000) “Energy-efficient Routing Protocols for Wireless Microsensor Networks” in 33rd Hawaii International Conference of System Sciences (HICSS), Maui, HI.
  • Amir Hossein, Mohammad Hossein, Hadi Sadoghi, Abbas Ali Rezaee (2009) “A Fair Routing Protocol Using Generic Utility Based approach in Wireless Sensor Networks”, In International Conference on ultra modern Telecommunications & Workshop.
  • Georgios Smaragdakis, Ibrahim Matta, Azer Bestavros (2004) “Sep: A Stable Election Protocol for Clustered Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks”, in Second International Workshop on Sensor and Actor Network Protocols and Applications.
  • Amir Mollanejad, Leili Mohammad Khanli, Mohammad Zeynali,Hadi Bahrbegi (2010) “EHRP: Novel Energy-Aware Hierarchical Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Network” in IEEE Ultra Modern Telecommunications and Control Systems and Workshops (ICUMT), 18-20.

RNI Registration No. CHAENG/2016/68678